As African countries experience economic growth and urbanization,
they also face more serious problems with waste management,
due to insufficient collection services and inappropriate disposal.
The illegal dumping and burning of waste results in adverse effects on the environment
and human health. This could impede economic activities and cause infectious and water-borne diseases,
especially in areas with high population densities.
However, in many African countries, waste management policy is given a low priority.
As a result, local governments lack budgets, competent staff, equipment, and facilities,
leaving them with insufficient operation and management capabilities.
Africaʼs urban population was 490 million in 2015 (41.2% of Africaʼs total population),
and it continues to grown. It is predicted to triple by 2050.
* United Nations (2018) World Urbanization Prospects
Compared to Asian cities, sustainable generation of funding for maintaining hygiene in cities
is difficult in African countries, in which average incomes are relatively low.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted in September 2015 include waste management-related targets,
such as Target 11.6: “By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities,
including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management.”
Hopes are high that African countries will set their own individual national targets
and use methodologies developed by UN organizations to monitor progress conditions.
The African Clean Cities Platform (ACCP) was established in April 2017 as an initiative by
the Ministry of the Environment of Japan, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA),
the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), the United Nations Human Settlement Plan (UN-Habitat),
and the City of Yokohama with the aim of African countries realizing clean and healthy cities.
It holds General Meetings, formulates guidelines and creates instructional materials, etc.,
hold study tours, and carries out other activities with the aim of achieving the following vision:
(1) Knowledge sharing and networking
(2) Promotion of achievement of SDG targets related to industrial waste management
(3) Promotion of investment in waste management