As of April 2018
Ethiopia is a federal republic nation located in East Africa. It is an inland country, sharing borders with Eritrea to the north and northeast, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south. The capital city is Addis Ababa. The population is approximately 102.4 million (2016: World Bank), the second largest population in sub-Saharan Africa, following Nigeria. It is located in the tropics, but the majority of the country is highlands centered on the Ethiopian Plateau with an average annual temperature of 13°C. The Ethiopian Plateau has a lot of precipitation and the annual rainfall is over 1200mm. usually, the rainy season is from mid-June to mid-September.
Municipal waste management in Ethiopia is under the supervision of the Ministry of Urban Development and Housing (MoUDH), and it is shared by Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC) and Ministry of Health (MoH). The MoUDHC provides guidance to local governments for the formulation of waste management plans and regularly monitors them. By incorporating the private sector into waste services, the country considers the creation of employment opportunities for the poor and low-income group.
|Population||Approximately 102.4 million (2016 : World Bank)|
|Population Growth||2.5% (2016 : World Bank)|
|Climate||Tropical (depending on altitude)|
|GNI||US $67.5 billion (2016: World Bank)|
|GNI per capita||US $660 (2016: World Bank)|
|GDP growth rate||7.6% (2016: World Bank)|
|Main industries||Agriculture (grain, beans, coffee, oil), floristry, leather (cattle, sheep, goat)|
|Linked cities||Addis Ababa, Hawassa, Bahir Dar|
|Legal system||Regarding waste management, the following two regulations are important.
|Policy/plan||Regarding waste management, the following three policies are important.
|Areas for improvement||
|Water||77% (in urban area, 2015)a|
|Sanitation||18% (in urban area, 2015)b|
|Hygiene||5% (in urban area, 2015)c|
|Electricity||85% (in urban area, 2016)d|
Source for water, sanitation and hygiene: WHO, UNICEF, “Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene – 2017”
Source for electricity: International Energy Agency, “Energy Access Outlook 2017”
unit: thousand persons
|unit: thousand ton /day|
Waste generation = (generation rate) x (urban pops.)
Source for population:
United Nations (Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs), “World Urbanization Prospects, the 2014 version”
|Tanzania||Dar es Salaam|
|City of Harare|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||Kinshasa|
|Republic of the Congo||Brazzaville|