The second General Meeting of ACCP held in Yokohama
The second General Meeting of ACCP was held from August 26 to 29, 2019 (the main conference was on August 26 and 27). The Meeting was a formal side event of TICAD7 (Seventh Tokyo International Conference on African Development) which was held in Yokohama, and a number of people involved in waste management in government, academia and private sectors in Japan as well as those from 38 countries in Africa participated, which made a total of about 450 participants. The main theme was “Sustainable Waste Management towards Clean and Resilient City,” and business-matching opportunity with Japanese private businesses was provided as the event was held in Japan. At the High Level Session, the future direction of ACCP activities was confirmed and adopted as “Yokohama Action Guidance for the ACCP”. Based on this recognition, the “Yokohama Declaration”, an outcome document of TICAD7, also stipulated waste management efforts making use of the ACCP framework, which has been confirmed at the ministerial level. Before and after the main conference, a workshop for sharing experiences from African participants, training session on SDGs indicators (hosted by UNEP and UN-Habitat) and field visits to waste management facilities in Yokohama City were also carried out for the African participants, where the experiences of African countries, international agencies, and the respective actors in Japan were all shared.
Mr. Andre Dzikus, Coordinator, Urban Basic Services Branch, UN-Habitat
The second general Africa Clean Cities Platform (ACCP) meeting, held in parallel with TICAD 7 in Yokohama, was a tremendous success. UN-Habitat was delighted to play an essential role in the meeting attended by more than 450 participants, including representatives from 38 African countries, the private sector in both Africa and Japan, international organizations, NGOs and other various stakeholders. Many best practices and experiences were shared, centered around new technologies, education and awareness-raising, the collection and utilization of data on waste, project development, as well as financing. This resulted in vibrant discussions on the dissemination and adoption of these practices and experiences with the aim of addressing waste management issues in urban Africa, clearly indicating that we are headed in the right direction for sustainable waste management in Africa.
I was also deeply impressed by the high-level commitment around this issue, expressed by Ministers and Mayors from both Japan and Africa during the second day of the meeting. UN-Habitat’s Deputy Executive Director Victor Kisob also remarked on the significance of sound waste management for our cities and human settlements, and the high priority given to this issue by UN Habitat. On the third day, UN-Habitat organized a training session for ACCP members on the City Solid Waste Assessment Tool based on SDG indicator 11.6.1. I was happy to see that ACCP members found the tool useful to improve the waste management systems in their cities.
As indicated in the Yokohama Action Guidance, the outcome document of the meeting, UN-Habitat will gradually be taking on the secretariat function of ACCP, building on our headquarter location in Africa. Our waste management team will work closely with ACCP member countries and partners to promote the achievement of waste SDGs by providing training and capacity development, advocating better waste management, supporting cities in monitoring waste and developing robust and bankable projects. In so doing, we will closely collaborate with our sister Agency UNEP – co-located with us in Nairobi – as well as with various stakeholders including other UN Agencies, international development partners, NGOs and the private sector.
Nobuyuki Konuma, Ministry of the Environment, Japan
I am very pleased that the second General Meeting of ACCP was held in Yokohama City. In this Meeting, we have adopted “Yokohama Action Guidance for the ACCP” which provides the future direction of ACCP as an outcome document. This Action Guidance stipulates concrete and effective activities such as having UN-Habitat as the core of the secretariat in Africa, establishing a training center in Africa, promoting adoption of the Fukuoka Method, and promoting projects for practical capacity developments.
Furthermore, the achievement of the Meeting was integrated into TICAD7 and the outcome document highlights the importance of waste management in Africa for the first time, while also including the promotion of ACCP activities. With the importance of ACCP now being recognized among the leaders of African countries, this is expected to further kickstart future activities.
Japan’s Ministry of the Environment has powerfully led ACCP activities together with other partners. Japan also used to suffer the issue of increasing waste, and has a history of the national and local governments, private businesses and citizens working in collaboration to overcome the issue. We would like to contribute to waste management in African countries by sharing our experience and knowledge as well as providing specific human resource development.
In closing, I would like to emphasize that ACCP does not belong to Japan, but to the African countries and their people. Therefore, proactive participation from Africa will be essential to make the ACCP as an effective platform. Let’s work together to improve waste management in Africa by exchanging our ideas, sharing best practices and learning from each other!
Harumi Moriyama, Manager, Policy Coordination Division, Resources and Waste Recycling Bureau, Yokohama City
In August 2019, Yokohama was filled with African colors and posters from various countries, as diverse events such as a live concert, lectures and networking events associated with Africa were carried out in advance of TICAD7 being held. Under such environment, we invited government officials from African countries to take part in waste management training for the fourth time since the establishment of ACCP. This training introduced the experience of waste management in Japan and in Yokohama City for about one month, which would prove to be a useful curriculum for the participants after returning home. So far, 45 training participants from 27 countries have visited Japan to take part in the training.
Meanwhile, those involved in ACCP as well as Yokohama residents and local businesses visited the second General Meeting of ACCP, also held in Yokohama prior to TICAD7, which provided an opportunity to learn about the situation in African countries, the latest global information, and cutting-edge technology from each other.
In the session held on the first day of the General Meeting, the “Guidebook for Environmental Education on Solid Waste Management in Africa” was launched. Environmental education is also an important measure for waste management in Yokohama City. During this session, three junior high school students delivered a speech on the theme of the environment. A simple message to encourage individuals to act by focusing on the global environment gained the sympathy of all the participants, which was an impressive sight.
“Yokohama Action Guidance for the ACCP” adopted at the end of the Meeting played the role of emphasizing the need for waste management along with the development of urbanization in the “Yokohama Declaration” in TICAD7.
Aiming to achieve the SDGs in 2030, we shall promote collaboration and cooperation that only Yokohama City can manage by proactively sharing Yokohama City’s problem solving experience and technology.
David Marquis, Consultant, SDGs and Environment Statistics Unit, UNEP
Monitoring the environmental dimension of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will be a challenging task, including in particular in the African region. As custodian agencies of multiple indicators of the SDGs, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has been collaborating with UN-Habitat and the African Clean Cities Platform (ACCP) to strengthen the quality and availability of environment statistics since 2017, with a particular focus on the waste-related indicators 11.6.1 (municipal solid waste), 12.4.2 (hazardous waste), and 12.5.1 (recycling). The second annual meeting of the ACCP, held from 26-27 August 2019 in Yokohama, Japan, offered a new opportunity to put this collaboration into action. Indeed, on 28 August UNEP and UN-Habitat hosted a bilingual training workshop with ACCP focal points from 36 African cities and countries to equip them with the latest methodologies for the 3 aforementioned waste-related indicators of the SDGs. Participants received a detailed walk-through of the methodology for indicator 11.6.1 in particular, with experts demonstrating the data collection procedure using pilot studies carried out in Kenya and the Seychelles. The workshop also divided into breakout groups according to similarity of national circumstances (for instance, small island developing states were grouped together) to discuss locally-specific barriers to the implementation of the latest SDG methodologies and brainstorm on achievable solutions. Participants gained a greater understanding of the data collection methodologies for the waste-related SDGs indicators and how these can be applied in African cities and countries to improve the state of waste statistics. This will in turn allow for more evidence-based decision-making and result in more targeted and effective measures to improve the management of waste in the region, reducing its detrimental effects on human health and the environment.
Dr. Sheila Santana Afonso, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Land Environment and Rural Development, Mozambique
In August 2019, Mozambique participated in the main conference at the second General Meeting of the African Clean Cities Platform (ACCP). In addition to participating in the main conference, during the meeting with the Japanese Ministry of the Environment conducted in parallel with the Meeting, we discussed the situations of the ACCP pilot project for improving the safety of final disposal sites in Mozambique. As other activities this year, we asked Japan for funding in connection with bilateral cooperation, which includes the future implementation of activities based on the MOU between MITADER and the Japanese Ministry of the Environment in accordance with the Yokohama Declaration. We also visited sites of domestic waste collection and recycling infrastructure, which receive Japanese private investment. Especially after the visits to waste collection and recycling facilities, we believe that the Mozambique government should transfer these technologies to our homeland in the future.
The issue now facing Mozambique is to apply the Fukuoka Method to the construction or improvement of operations at some final disposal sites in our municipalities. This was the major topic of the meeting between the Mozambique delegation and the Japanese government. The Japanese Ministry of the Environment provides funds for the safety improvement project at the Hulene Final Disposal Site through a pilot project as part of the activities of the Platform. We expect that this experience will be shared with other ACCP member countries.
Bruno Domingos Dundao Constantino, Senior Technician at National Waste Agency (ANR – Angola).
Being selected as a participant of training course named “Sustainable Solid Waste Management for African Countries” for the Sustainable Solid Waste Management for African Countries, was such a leap frog for my Waste Management career. On top of that I had the opportunity to learn the Japanese Waste Management loop and to create network with people from Africa, Europe, Asia, America, Oceania and so on.
Every class day was marked with discussions, examples, and questions that challenged the facilitators.
However, in the training course I would like to suggest more field works for the next program to come instead of site visiting. Because I do believe that one learn more by doing than just watching and listening.
About the ACCP I think it should be more widespread throughout the member states by organizing clean campaign, waste management contests and above all creating regional hubs within the members’ states not only being focus in the capital cities.
Keiichi Furukawa, Fukunaga Engineering Co., Ltd.
At the Meeting on August 26, we presented case examples on the theme of the “Tire Recycling Business in Ethiopia” and provided a booth at the venue where we interacted with many people from African countries.
In Ethiopia, there is no recycling system established for waste tires as in Japan. When I travel by car over there, I often see waste tires that seem to have been abandoned. In the Meeting, however, I talked with people from Africa, which made me realize that some people are working on such environmental issues with a high degree of awareness. I also learned about some local case examples that have been successfully elevated into businesses, which inspired me.
There are opportunities for environmental businesses in developing countries. Although we are still at the stage where full-scale expansion to Africa is about to start, we would like to be proactive and keep moving forward.
Having the occasion of TICAD7, ACCP secretariat asked for “Environment Picture Diaries (*)” drawn by African children. With the cooperation of local elementary schools and child facilities, JICA volunteers, experts and staff from 13 countries in Africa provided children with environmental education on the theme of “Clean and healthy cities”, with over 600 children drawing picture diaries. About 300 pictures were exhibited in a gallery in Yokohama City and a side event venue for TICAD7, and visitors gave feedback such as “I was moved by the wonderful pictures and ideas of African children,” and “I would like to protect the global environment with others regardless of nationality.”
* “Environment Picture Diaries” is an approach to environmental education which targets elementary school students and has been implemented by the Yokohama City Recyclers Association since 2000. This approach aims to get children interested in and aware of the environment through drawing a “picture diary” including what they talked about with their family and what they thought about by themselves on environmental issues.
ACCP has developed the following pamphlets and reports for the purpose of sharing knowledge on the waste management in Africa. They can be downloaded through online. Please make use of them!
Officials in national and local governments engaged in waste management in Africa.
Clear explanations of basic information on urban waste management.
Officials in municipalities and educational institutions engaged in environmental education on waste issues.
Guidebook that summarizes the methods of development, and the implementation of educational education and awareness-raising programs for residents.
Development organizations that are considering support and private businesses that plan to expand their business, in the waste sector in Africa.
Report that analyses and summarizes the waste management situation in the member countries and cities of ACCP with the data provided by focal points.
Moe Hirata (Ex-JOCV* in Cameroon)
2I worked at the Ministry of Basic Education in Ebolowa, Cameroon until June 2019, where I supported environmental education for elementary schools and awareness-raising activities for local residents. I tried to work out why people understand environmentally-friendly behavior and yet cannot put it into action, and how they can make it happen, together with the local people. At elementary school, children improved the school environment by themselves through banning littering, and taking care of and observing plants. We also provided some opportunities where the children could educate the adults such as a cleanup march and an exhibition. The exhibition was driven by the Exhibition on the Environment Picture Diary in Yokohama, which was a good opportunity to broaden the perspective and ideas of children, and to deliver a message to lots of adults.